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28/09/2016

Aliyah Info: Aliyah Statistics

Resources » Aliyah » Aliyah Statistics
 
Author: Hagshama Department

Aliyah Info:
Aliyah Statistics

Statistics that show total amount of olim from 1948 to 2000.

Year

Ethiopia

South Africa

Argentina

Great Britain

France

North America

Former Soviet Union

Rest of World

Total Olim

1948

 

178

62

501

640

336

1175

98936

101828

1949

1

228

326

796

1665

659

3255

233024

239954

1950

5

205

435

662

672

888

290

167406

170563

1951

5

72

325

347

401

618

196

173315

175279

1952

 

51

291

257

246

353

74

23338

24610

1953

3

46

427

192

196

234

45

10432

11575

1954

13

73

398

181

201

349

30

17246

18491

1955

25

111

363

204

206

380

139

36100

37528

1956

1

234

505

176

199

209

470

54536

56330

1957

5

96

665

223

267

313

1423

69642

72634

1958

4

106

515

227

274

409

729

25026

27290

1959

3

114

420

229

326

379

1362

21155

23988

1960

3

154

337

268

371

462

1923

21174

24692

1961

2

116

495

235

372

348

224

45943

47735

1962

11

1921

693

363

580

677

194

57094

61533

1963

17

409

4255

536

546

968

314

57444

64489

1964

8

381

1998

408

731

1122

541

49847

55036

1965

9

310

1154

356

830

1016

895

26545

31115

1966

21

301

664

351

700

826

2054

11040

15957

1967

13

233

547

299

893

739

1403

10342

14469

1968

17

160

559

467

2523

1035

224

15718

20703

1969

14

715

1274

1763

5292

6419

3019

19615

38111

1970

13

803

1457

1585

4414

7158

992

20328

36750

1971

7

647

2107

1381

3281

8122

12839

13546

41930

1972

40

605

2598

1030

2356

6034

31652

11573

55888

1973

41

577

2809

760

1473

4687

33477

11062

54886

1974

24

432

1625

832

1345

3393

16816

7512

31979

1975

19

415

892

707

1382

3065

8531

5017

20028

1976

10

585

1616

592

1416

2979

7279

5277

19754

1977

90

1448

2158

840

1226

2906

8348

4413

21429

1978

37

1403

1960

1005

1302

3285

12192

5210

26394

1979

45

978

1577

1058

1648

3273

17614

11029

37222

1980

259

346

1036

900

1430

2550

7570

6337

20428

1981

650

220

949

882

1430

2670

1770

4028

12599

1982

950

271

1165

1154

1682

2934

782

4785

13723

1983

2393

324

1283

1294

2094

3806

399

5313

16906

1984

8327

281

841

786

1539

2827

367

5013

19981

1985

1886

246

836

577

1017

2090

362

3628

10642

1986

236

565

772

568

927

2179

202

4056

9505

1987

231

737

1078

577

888

1986

2096

5372

12965

1988

595

487

1546

528

920

1700

2283

4975

13034

1989

1448

262

1853

452

900

1533

12932

4670

24050

1990

4121

175

2045

488

864

1546

185227

5050

199516

1991

20014

135

666

472

966

1703

147839

4305

176100

1992

3648

267

356

459

1182

2068

65093

3984

77057

1993

863

437

375

647

1372

2280

66145

4686

76805

1994

1197

595

538

626

1512

2398

68079

4899

79844

1995

1312

287

966

669

1635

2503

64848

4141

76361

1996

1411

299

1370

547

1870

2262

59048

4112

70919

1997

1661

290

1255

487

1938

2057

54621

3912

66221

1998

3110

204

738

393

1667

1788

46020

2802

56722

1999

2290

228

936

383

1366

1697

66848

3018

76766

2000

2199

192

1053

326

1152

1400

50762

3046

60130

 

59307

20955

57164

32046

66325

109618

1073012

1432017

2850444

 

Breakdown of countries of Olim from year 2000:

 

Amount of olim

Countries

792

Total Asia

2505

Total Africa

2199

Ethiopia

192

South Africa

76

Morocco, Tangier

38

Rest of Africa

816

Total Eastern Europe

221

Bulgaria

165

Hungary

96

Yugoslavia

20

Poland

268

Rumania

46

Rest of Eastern Europe

50762

Total Former Soviet Union

1899

Total Western Europe

42

Italy

100

Belgium

78

Germany

29

Holland

326

Great Britain

17

Spain

1152

France

85

Switzerland

70

Rest of Western Europe

1400

Total North America

1236

USA

164

Canada

1878

Total South America

67

Mexico

102

Uruguay

1053

Argentina

230

Brazil

106

Venezuela

60

Colombia

260

Rest of South America

76

Total Oceania

75

Australia

1

New Zealand

2

Unknown

60130

Total olim

Balint looks at the way aliyah, and the way people make aliyah, has changed since the 1960's and 1970's.


Aliya from Western countries has never been huge...the "push" immigration (Jews who feel pushed out of their country of origin) has always been more significant than the "pull" aliya (Jews who feel the pull of Israel...not the push of anti-Semitism).


Still, in the 1960s and 1970s, young Jews from English speaking countries did have a greater number of organized aliya options than they do today.


The 'garin' concept was the most popular aliya vehicle of that era. Groups of like-minded young people generally affiliated with a particular Zionist youth movement would plan on moving to Israel together. Generally their initial orientation into Israeli society took place on an existing kibbutz or moshav, where they studied Hebrew in intensive ulpan classes and worked for their keep for periods of six months-one year. But the ideal was for the garinim to gain enough experience to be able to establish their own communal settlements-and some did.


Kibbutz Gezer, just off the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv highway, was founded in 1974 by a Habonim-Dror garin of 30 university graduates from North America. Kibbutz Ketura in the Arava was established by North American members of the Young Judaea movement. Back in the 1950s, Kibbutz Lavi, a religious community nestled in the hills overlooking Tiberias, got its start through the initiative of British Bnei Akiva members.


The pioneers who arrived in garins had spent several years of intense preparation as youth movement activists in their native countries before making aliya. Shlichim (emissaries) from Israel trained the young people in everything from agriculture to group process techniques before forwarding their aliya applications to the Jewish Agency.


The demise of the kibbutz coincided with the decline in affiliation with Zionist youth movements, resulting in a rethinking of the group aliya process. The principal of providing a safety net and a familiar social framework for new immigrants still prevails, but has taken on new forms.


Many former kibbutz volunteers bemoan the end of the collective aliya experience-for many, formative friendships that lasted a lifetime were forged in the dining halls and fields of Israel's unique socialist experiment.


When Kibbutz Kfar Blum announced the end of its volunteer program in 2002, Laurie Schechter Rimon, an early Kibbutz Kfar Blum volunteer wrote to her fellow former temporary kibbutzniks: "This brings to a close the end of an era; and I'm sure for a number of us, the end of a dream/fantasy of one day returning to Kfar Blum as an aging volunteer - or sending our children to relive the dream.."


Kibbutz Gezer today is down to about 80-90 members, most of whom work off the kibbutz but still pool their salaries.


David Leichman, 50, and his wife Miri Gold, 52, came to Gezer with Garin Tohu in 1977, and are two of just four members of that original garin of 20 people who are still on the kibbutz.


David is a longtime Jewish educator, who was Young Judaea head for Northern California before he immigrated 25 years ago, and has taught a course on kibbutz for Tel Aviv University's overseas program for 18 years.


He says that kibbutzniks who are stuck in the old models, models that no longer apply to current economic and social realities, are fooling themselves.


Others who started out their lives in Israel as kibbutzniks and moved on, credit their early experiences with their successful aliya: "All in all, I am very happy and proud to have made a very successful aliyah, and much of it has to do with my first impressions and the acceptance and joy in life in Israel that I found at Kfar Blum in the 1970s," says Ruth Broch, now a resident of Kiryat Ata.


Of the 9,200 immigrants who arrived in Israel in the first half of 2003, (a drop of 39 percent as compared to the same period the previous year) barely any were part of any structured group aliya program from western countries. 56 percent, or 5,100 immigrants - came from the former Soviet Union, 500 arrived from Argentina and 1,500 from Ethiopia-leaving only 2050 from France, the UK, Australia, South Africa and the US.


The median age of the immigrants who arrived in the first half of 2003 was 28.3 years, slightly older than the median age of 1960s and 1970s olim. Predominant among today's western olim tend are young couples with small children. Many of them have spent a year or more of their college time in Israel, so their familiarity with the country is greater than their earlier era counterparts. The group aliya concept is less appealing.


But financial incentives can be an enticement to join a group aliya project. The recent success of the Nefesh B'Nefesh program that has succeeded in bringing more than 2,000 North American immigrants to Israel in the past year, is proof that there is still a place for group aliya. Cash grants of up to $20,000 per family make the idea appealing.


Quite an evolution from the veterans of the 1960s peace movement who came en masse to kibbutzim in the late 1960s and early 1970s to create a community based on sexual and economic equality, committed to collectivist principles, Jewish identity, and the redemption of the land through agricultural labor.

 
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